Eid Ul Adha Date 2016
13 September (Dates may vary based on moon sighting)
Eid Ul Adha also termed as Bakr Id is the second most important festival for the Muslims. Islams celebrate this festival lavishly like their primary festival, Ramzan! Eid ul Adha is the second part of the Eid celebrations. Bakr Id is also called the ‘Feast of Sacrifice’ and Greater Eid!
Every festival is observed and honored paying respect to someone. Eid Ul Adha is a festival that commemorates the Ibrahim’s willingness to sacrifice his son to God Allah as per God’s Command! This festival is celebrated by Muslims across the world. Eid Ul Adha also marks the end of Hajj, the holy pilgrimage to Mecca, an annual travel of Muslims.
When is Eid-Ul-Adha observed?
It is generally celebrated on the 10th day of 12th month of the Islamic Calendar. The 12th or final month of the Islamic calendar is called, Dhu al-Hijjah! In 2016, Eid Ul Adha falls on September 12. This celebration is declared a holiday in India. Arabian countries declare public holiday do celebrate Eid.
Why is Eid-al-Adha Celebrated?
What is all about the commemoration of Eid-ul-Adha?
As mentioned above, this festive is a commemoration of Prophet Ibrahim. According to the Quran, the holy book of Islam, Ibrahim is described as given below:
In Islam, there is a single god, Allah. Islamians should abide by the orders of their God. Ibrahim was one of the religious and an obedient follower of the Allah. He was quite appreciative as he followed all the rules laid out. He faced so many trials and he effortlessly won everything. He was posed with many challenges that guided him to move into a right path.
One of the challenges faced by Ibrahim was the command of the God to kill his son. Ismail was his only son. Soon after hearing the God’s command he prepared to sacrifice the life of Ismail. However, there was a devil that tried to persuade and tried Ibrahim to deceive God’s command. The devil manipulated Ibrahim in many ways and said not to obey God as Ismail was his only son, and continued to persuade him! However, Ibrahim was a true follower of the Allah and he just drove away the devil.
When Ibrahim was preparing for the sacrifice, he heard from Allah that he already fulfilled the command. He decided to sacrifice his son’s life without hesitation even for a second to Allah. His love and devotion to the God superseded everything.
Allah intervened the sacrifice through an angel named Jibrail and stated he already received the sacrifice. The angel brought the meat of an animal sacrificed. It was then ordered to cut the meat into three pieces. The first piece is meant for the family, the second one is gifted to the friends and neighbours and the third piece was gifted to poor and needy.
So, this celebration really showcases a supreme example of submitting ourselves to God. And this is one of the primary faiths of Islam.
What do people do on Eid-ul-Adha?
Any Islamic festival includes a special prayer at the mosques. On this day, Muslims visit the nearby mosque and offer their prayers and listen to the sermon i.e lectures and speech of the elders in the mosque.
No festival is complete without wearing new clothes. People wear new clothes, cook special feast and meat with exotic desserts and share with family and friends.
Eid Prayer is very special part of this festival. There are few requisites to attend the prayers compulsorily in the mosques. All men must attend the prayers at the mosques. Although women are encouraged to take part in the prayers, it is optional. Yet, they should compulsorily pray at home. All residents excluding the travelers should take part in the prayers.
When is the Eid prayer performed?
The prayer is performed after the sun completely rises up but before the noon when the sun shines straight above your head.
Preparation for the Eid-ul-Adha prayer
In order to stay intact with the tradition, Muslims should prepare themselves for the festival and the prayer.
- Take bath and offer the pre-sunrise prayer
- The bathing is an important ritual to prepare for the prayer. It is called as Wudu and refers to a procedure of washing the body.
- They should care for personal cleanliness
- Wear new clothes or good clothes
Many scholars differed in observing the Eid prayers. The opinions are categorized into three different ideas:
- The prayer is all about the “preparation” as mentioned above.
- The prayer is an obligation of the community.
- The prayer is a duty of all Muslim men and those who don’t involve in Eid prayers are considered sinners.
The elder men in the mosque read specific verses from Quran. After completion of prayer, they hug and greet each other. They exchange gifts and children receive a lot of gifts. Rich people should give gifts in form of dress or money to the poor people. Elder men should give gifts to youngsters and children. This is called ‘Eidi’
Besides, everyone should wear new clothes and dress nicely to celebrate Eid.
Bakr Id Qurbani – The Animal Sacrifice on Eid-ul-Adha
Sacrificing an animal- cow, goat, or camel- is an important ritual of this festival. This sacrifice is called Qurbani! As goat is comony sacrificed, Eid-ul-Adha is also referred to as Bakr Id.
This ritual of animal sacrifice represents the sacrifice of animal in place of Ibrahim’s Son!
While animal sacrifice receives different views from the people from out of Islam, it has many in-depth hidden meanings.
The meat is shared equally among rich and poor. Rich people share the meet with needy and poor people those who cannot afford to grow any animal for sacrificing to god. It shows people are equal before the God! Also, this festival entertains meeting with neighbors, social gatherings, etc which enable healthy relationships.
Forbidden Animal Sacrifice in Western Countries
Muslims who still adhere to traditional rules and rituals or belong to large families buy an animal and grow it for sacrifice. However, animal sacrifice is not legal in many western countries, namely United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, etc. Muslims living in these countries buy the whole carcass from a slaughterhouse or from a butcher. They unite together and divide it equally among themselves. Alternatively, they just buy some huge portion of meat for a community meal to celebrate Eid-Ul-Adha. Muslims also gift money to the needy member that belong to their community on Bakr Id.
Rituals related to Animal Sacrifice on Bakr Id
Animal sacrifice is the major part of Eid Ul Adha. Specific rituals are adhered before the animal is slaughtered on this day.
The animal chosen for slaughtering should have good health and should have attained the fixed age. Younger animal is never sacrificed for god. Specifically, people buy the animals and feed healthy produce to make it fit for animal slaughtering.
The slaughterer should recite the word ‘Tusmiya’ before slaughtering the animal. The slaughterer should tie a thread on the animal’s neck and cut it along. In Arabian countries, instead of goat, camel is mostly slaughtered.
Since the meat is a sacrifice to god, the slaughterer should ensure that the meat meets the standards of Islamic rules. It means, the meat should be ‘Halal’!
Hajj Pilgrimage and Eid Ul Adha
A Muslim at least once in his or her lifetime should go on a Hajj pilgrimage. There are many religious groups and volunteers in Islamic religion offer free pilgrimage to the Muslims who really cannot afford to travel to mecca.
One of the most important pilgrimages of Muslims, Hajj is undertaken around the period of Eid Ul Adha. Muslims from all parts of world travel to Mecca to perform Hajj pilgrimage and observe this festival at Mecca!
People living in Saudi Arabia too make a visit to Mecca and join with millions of travelers to celebrate the festival.
There are special recipes cooked on Bakr Id. It includes rich delicacies made using meat.
Eid Al Adha is also called ‘Salty Eid’ because sour and savory dishes are made more than the sweet recipes.
The staple dish of Eid Cuisine is Meat Pulao or Biriyani. The slaughtered meat is cooked in different forms.
Liver of the slaughtered animal is fried and often served for breakfast. The rest of the meat is cooked in different forms and served during the lunch and even dinner. A very spicy rice dish is prepared with the meat.
Popular recipes cooked on Bakrid includes,
- Lamb / Mutton Biriyani (or any biriyani made with rice and spices along with the meat slaughtered)
- Kebabs – Boneless meat fry
- Roasted meat (Generally whole chicken is roasted in addition to slaughtered meat)
A rich dessert called Sheer Khurma is made with Vermicili, milk, ghee, sugar, dates, dry fruits, nuts, cardamom and saffron. It is a lavish sweet recipe of Eid. It is the staple dessert cooked on Eid. Family and friends relish this dessert together.
All in all, Eid-ul-Adha is the festival that encourages building relationship, offering prayers, sharing and caring for others.