What are the Rules of Fasting in Ramadan?

Ramadan is a blessed month for the followers of Islam. This is the 30 days period which is regarded as holy month that will cure all problems. It is believed that Allah grants special niche in the heaven and fasting during Ramadan brings unlimited blessings. This is, however, no easy task to fast as there are strict rules of fasting in Ramadan. So, what are these Rules of Fasting in Ramadan? The foremost rule is that kids, pregnant, breastfeeding or menstruating women and sick people can’t fast. Those who are healthy Muslims and who have attained puberty as well as not travelling during fasting must fast during the whole month of Ramazan.

Ramadan Fasting Rules

Apart from the basic rule mentioned above, there are several other mandatory rules that need to be followed while observing Ramadan month fast.


  • Those who fast during the month of Ramadan must abstain from eating, drinking, sex, smoking and telling lies.
  • Fast starts just after the break of dawn (Fajr). One should eat, drink water and perform namaaz during the period denoted as “seheri”. This is known as suhoor (breakfast meal). It should be had at least half an hour before sunrise. The limited time during the seheri makes it essential for fasting people to wake up early and eat accordingly to uphold energy for all day long.
  • Ramadan daily fast ends at sunset (maghrib). When breaking the fast, in the meal called iftar, traditionally dates are had as the first food to break the fast. This is probably because dates have essential carbohydrates, lots of potassium and magnesium, as well as fiber, all of which are important for a body after a long day of deprivation.
  • Intentions of the fasting person play a vital role and it’s not just the prohibition of eating and drinking during fast. He or she should not speak evil, swallow saliva intentionally and take a sip of water drop while doing “vuzuu”. Even the use of oil, perfumes that have alcohol content, is strictly prohibited while fasting.
  • Intercourse is a legal execution between husband and wife in Islam which can be performed only at night before the dawn breaks. In case of intercourse, one has to do ghusl (holy bathfrom head to toe properly), pray Fajr and then observe fasting. Usually, people avoid physical contact with spouse during the Ramadan. If sexual intercourse is done during day while fasting, the person has to perform kaffaarah. It means fasting continuously for sixty days (2 months). if unable to do so then the person should feed sixty poor people.
  • For men, any other form of sex (other than intercourse with wife at night) is strictly restricted during Ramadan. A man has to avoid masturbation when fasting in Ramadan. If he does this, he should fast for sixty days or feed sixty poor persons as a self punishment for wrong doing.
  • For women, fasting is prohibited during menstruation or post-delivery bleeding.

During the entire month of Ramadan, people only perform religious activities and try to refrain from watching dance shows, movies or partying. The Muslim is asked to praise the Allah by fasting during the holy month of Ramadan and in return expect unlimited blessings from him. After this long month of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr is celebrated to break the fasting cycle of Ramadan. Get more information on Eid al-Fitr and Ramadan.

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