Rabindra Jayanti Date 2016
Monday 8 May
Rabindra Nath Tagore (1861-1941) – the great Indian poet, philosopher, musician, writer, and educationist- was born on May 7, 1861 which corresponds to 25th of Baisakh month in the Bengali calendar of 1268. 25th of Bangla Baisakh month is known as ‘Pocheeshe Boishakh’. This day, Pocheeshe Boishakh (পোচীশে বৈশাখ – 25th Baisakh) is one of the important cultural festivals of Bengal which is celebrated as Rabindra Jayanti – the birth anniversary of Gurudev Ravindra Nath Thakur.
Rabindra Jayanti Date
Rabindra Nath Tagore’s birth anniversary is celebrated on the 25th day of Baishakh month as per Bengali calendar every year. Rabindra Jayanti this year will be celebrated on 8 May 2016
Rabindranath Jayanti usually falls on 8th or 9th May every year. In 2011, the 150th birth anniversary of Rabindra Nath Tagore was celebrated with great joy and fervor. This year in 2016, the 155th birth anniversary of Ravindranath Tagore would be celebrated on 8 May 2016 all across the West Bengal and also by the Bengali community living in various other regions of India and the world. In fact, after Nobo Borsho, Rabindra Jayanti is the great cultural festival in the first Bengali month of Baishakh which is looked forward to be celebrated in a grand manner.
Birth and Early Life of Rabindra Nath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7, 1861 in the Jorasanko mansion belonging to a wealthy Brahmin family of Calcutta. He was the youngest child of his parents Debendranath and Sarada Devi. Ravindra Nath’s grandfather Dwarkanath Tagore was a rich landlord and a social reformer. The young ‘Rabi’ never liked the formal schooling and was thus educated at home by his father and brothers. When he was seventeen, he was sent to England for formal schooling but did not finish his studies there.
After his ‘Upanayan Samskara’ ( initiation ritual through which initiates are invested with a sacred thread to symbolize the transference of spiritual knowledge), he with his father left Calcutta in February 1873 for a long tour of the ‘Raj’. They went to his father’s Santiniketan estate and rested in Amritsar while going to the Himalayan Dhauladhars- the hill station at Dalhousie. Along the way, Rabindra Nath Tagore read biographies and his father taught him history, astronomy, and Sanskrit. They also discussed the poetry of Kalidasa.
Works of Rabindra Nath Tagore
Rabindra Nath Tagore has the unique distinction of being the composerofthenationalanthemsoftwonations– the Republic of India’s Jana Gana Mana and Bangladesh’s Amar Shonar Bangla.
Tagore has been a cultural icon with his various literary works along with his unique set of musical notes – the RabindraSangeet- songs written and composed by Gurudev. Among the various roles he adopted, in his heart of hearts, he was a poet- whose poetry even bridged the gap between India and the western world when he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913 for his ‘Gitanjali’ (1910) [Song Offering].
Some of his popular poetrycollections from among his fifty and odd volumes of poetry include Manasi [The Ideal One], Sonar Tari [The Golden Boat], Gitanjali [Song Offerings], Gitimalya [Wreath of Songs], and Balaka [The Flight of Cranes]. Some of the English renderings of Rabindra Nath’s poetry like The Gardener, Fruit-Gathering, and The Fugitive do not generally correspond to particular volumes in the original Bengali.
Ravindranath Tagore was also a great playwright who gave such plays as Raja [The King of the Dark Chamber], Dakghar [The Post Office], Achalayatan [The Immovable], Muktadhara [The Waterfall], and Raktakaravi [Red Oleanders].
Tagore’s several volumes of shortstoriesandnovels, include the famous Gora, Ghare-Baire [The Home and the World], and Yogayog [Crosscurrents]. Charulata and Nastanirh (The Broken Nest) are only two of his great short stories.
The musical plays and dancedramas composed by Rabindra Nath Tagore even today mesmerize the art lovers. Some of his popular musical dramas include Chitrangada, Shaap Mochan, and Chandalika.
Tagore also wrote essays of all types, traveldiaries, and two autobiographies– one in his middle years and the other just before his death in 1941. One of his autobiographies, Atmaparichaya (Introduction of Myself) gives a glimpse of his long cultural journey. His two memoirs Jivansmriti (My Reminiscences) and Chhelebela (My Boyhood Days) also tell much about him. Tagore also left numerous drawingsandpaintings,andsongs for which he composed the music himself.
Rabindra Jayanti Celebrations
Rabindra Jayanti on Pocheeshe Boishakh celebrations is a way to pay homage to the great scholar poet, writer, and composer Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindra Jayanti is religiously observed at his birth place Jorasanko in Kolkata where people gather to participate in the cultural programs. At Rabindra Sadan in Kolkata too, cultural programs dedicated to Tagore through his own works begin in the early morning and last through out the day. Many renowned artistes perform at Jorasanko and Rabindra Sadan including novelists, poets and literary personalities. Many upcoming artistes of Rabindra Sangeet too pay tribute to Gurudev on his birth anniversary.
Rabindra Jayanti is also celebrated in parts of Kolkata and West Bengal. Many educational institutes and cultural clubs of Kolkata organize various cultural activities on this day. Rabindra Jayanti is also celebrated in a grand way in Shantiniketan in Bolpur. It is celebrated with cultural programmes wherein students and teachers both participate with great enthusiasm.
Rabindra sangeet is the main way to celebrate Rabindra Jayanti with songs of Tagore. Many organizations also stage the plays written by Rabindranath. In fact, the celebration of Rabindra Jayanti represents the rich cultural and literary tradition of the Bengalis.