There is a saying in Hindi- ‘Baarah Maas, Terah Utsav’- meaning 13 festivals in 12 months. This goes to show the importance of festivals in India! This is only a symbolic representation of Indian festivals which outnumber even the figure 13 because there are far more festivals celebrated in India in a year than this number of thirteen. Lets know all about festivals of India– the soul of Indian culture- and how the people of India internalize the rich traditions and rituals followed in each of India’s festivals!
Festivals of India
Festivals of India!The numerous festivals of India bring university in diversity!
Ganesh Chaturthi!The festival of Elephant God Lord Vinayaka!
Holi!The festival of colours- Holi!
Raksha Bandhan!The festival of brother and sister- expressed through the sacred thread Rakhi!
Mahashivratri!The great night of Lord Shiva- Maha Shiva Ratri!
Ram Navami!The festival of Lord Sri Rama!
Krishna Janmashtami!The birth anniversary of the favourite God of Hindus- Shri Krishna!
Durga Puja!The biggest festival of Bengal- Sharadiya Durga Puja!
Navratri!Nine days to worship Shakti- Goddess Durga. Nine nights of joyful Dandiya dance of Gujarat!
Dussehra!Vijaya Dashami- the festival to celebrate victory of Lord Rama over Ravana, victory of good over evil!
Diwali- The Festival of Lights!India at its brightest best- all bathed in lights! Diwali displays grandeur of lights, crackers and zenith of festive celebration!
ChristmasChristmas in India is as spectacular as it is the world over!
Eid al Fitr and RamadanThe end of the holy month of Ramadan brings festivities for Muslim brothers and sisters on the day of Eid!
Heartfelt Community Festival Celebration in India!
India is a country with diverse cultures and religions- a very common fact known to the whole world! People of India take pride in their diversity. A common Indian loves to celebrate each and every festival as if there is no tomorrow. These are the true Indians who do not know the physical, political, notional or emotional boundaries. They celebrate their own community festivals as well as the festivals of their friends and neighbours belonging to other communities! So, it is not a very uncommon scene to find a Muslim celebrating the Hindu festivals of Diwali and Holi with the same fervor as a Hindu would show while going to meet his Muslim friend on Eid! There is also nothing strange when Hindu, Muslims and Christians dance to the tune of songs of Lohri- a festival of Punjab mainly celebrated by Sikhs and Punjabis!
Regional Festivals of India- Unity in Diversity!
Sometimes, it gets quite difficult to make differences between regional festivals of North India and festivals of South India or those of West and East India. For example, Saraswati Puja- which is one of the major festivals of East India- is celebrated in North India too as Vasant Panchmi to welcome the Spring season. Saraswathi Puja is also one of the main South India Festivals but is celebrated on different day than the rest of India. Saraswathi Puja in southern states of India is celebrated in ‘Sharadiya Navratris’ (October-November) while it is celebrated in East India and North as well as West India on Basant Panchami- the 5th day of Maagh month (January-February). So, there is no doubt about this fact that India is united in spite of its diversity through festivals along with the other ties that exist among the people of India!
List of Festivals in India!
Here is a comprehensive list of festivals in India (main festivals of India) though it is not claimed that it is all inclusive because festivals of India are so many that one cannot probably include all of them in only one list of festivals! The following list of festivals in India has been categorized on the basis of regions of India to which these festivals belong. However, all of these Indian festivals are celebrated all over the country with almost similar zeal with just a little more intensity in the centric or the originating region of a particular festival.
Festivals of East India
The following list of festivals of India belong to the eastern and north-eastern states of India such as Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Bihar, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Orissa, and West Bengal.
- Bhogali Bihu
- Bohag Bihu
- Chatth Puja
- Basanti Puja
- Saraswati Puja/ Basant Panchmi
- Nobo Borsho
- Rath Jatra
- Mesha Sankranti
- Chapchar Kut
- Christmas (Celebrated in North-East India as well as in Goa, Kerala, Tamilnadu)
- Durga Puja
- Kali Puja
- Lakshmi Puja
Festivals of North India
The festivals mentioned in the list below are the main festivals celebrated in the northern states of India like Delhi, Haryana, Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Utter Pradesh, Punjab, Uttaranchal.
- Chaitra Navratri
- Karwa Chauth
- Rakhi/ Raksha Bandhan
- Bhai Dooj
- Mahavir Jayanti
- Hanuman Jayanti
- Eid al-Fitr and Ramadan
- Bakr Id – Eid-ul-Adha
- Maha Shivratri
- Guru Nanak Jayanti
- Makar Sankranti
- Ram Navami
- Buddha Purnima
- Govardhan Puja
- Vikram Samvat- Hindu Nav Varsh
Festivals of West India
Western Regional festivals of India are those celebrated mainly in the western states of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Daman & Diu, Dadra & Nagar Haveli. Here is the list of festivals in West India.
- Ganesh Chaturthi
- Christmas (Celebrated in Goa)
- Masimagam Festival
- Gudi Padwa
- Nag Panchami
- Gokul Ashtmi
- Sao Joao Feast of St John the Baptist (Celebrated in Goa)
Festivals of South India
The festivals of South India, as the name suggests, are celebrated mainly in the four southern states of India- Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.